Writing requirements for abstracts are so different that sometimes you ask yourself: Is this really one kind of work? Some abstracts are similar to the report, others – to a small coursework. And this isn’t accidental, because the family of abstracts is quite extensive.
The main classification of abstracts distinguishes the following types:
1) a report on a specific topic with a review of the sources;
2) an outline of the contents of a book, article, or other scientific work.
The first type includes the majority of educational essays are written in universities, schools, colleges. The second – abstracts, synopses, abstracts, abstracts of novelties in scientific journals and some other varieties.
The classification of abstracts according to the nature of the material supply is fairly well known, dividing them into two types: productive and reproductive.
Reproductive are aimed at a laconic reproduction of the content of the source with the identification of basic thoughts and positions. The abstract summarizes the main provisions of the topic, in the abstract – factual information, including the methods of research, results, etc.
Productive include critical analysis, creative comprehension of the collected material. In the review-review author should collect information on the topic from several sources and compare them, analyzing the views of different authors. In the abstract report, it is also necessary to give an objective assessment of the issue under consideration.
What else are abstracts?
There are several other classifications of abstracts.
According to the completeness of the presentation, there are informative and indicative ones. Informative is much larger in volume. They laconically, but fully reflects the information presented in the source, the author’s argument of the source. These are abstracts-abstracts. Indicative abstracts are more concise, they reflect only the main essence of the issue under consideration.
Another classification – by the number of primary sources. There are monographic essays built on the study of a single source, there are overviews – to write them you need to study the views of several authors.
Let us also consider the classification according to the purpose of the abstract. They are divided into general and specialized. General are addressed to a wide audience, specialized – to a highly specialized group of listeners or readers engaged in certain activities.
However, few students understand the types of abstracts. It’s not necessarily to use complex terms. It’s enough to imagine the difference in general, don’t forget to carefully study the requirements of the methodology and clarify with the teacher what you need to write.